1. What is IVF treatment?
In Vitro Fertilization (or IVF), common forms of Assisted Reproduction, is most often suggested when other treatment options including surgery have failed. The process involves several steps such as ovarian stimulation and monitoring; egg retrieval; development of embryos in lab; embryo transfer; and the pregnancy test. In simple words, IVF process involves the stimulation of female ovaries for multiple follicles development and the preparation of uterus for implantation by fertility medications. With the help of laparoscopic technique, eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and mixed with sperm in lab. The resulting embryos are kept in lab for 3-5 days for development and monitored for quality as well. Only 1 or 2 viable or healthy embryos are then transferred into the female uterus. In case few embryos are left after the cycle, can be frozen or vitrified for future cycle.
2. What are the chances of success of IVF treatment?
Being a complex process, the chances of success and failure of IVF cycle depends upon the cordial interaction of number of factors that may vary from patient to patient and also clinic to clinic. In most of the cases, a successful outcome of IVF cycle i.e. birth of a healthy baby requires a successful coordination of several aspects such as the health of both the infertile couples, age, sperm, eggs, embryos transferred, health of the recipients, the clinic where the treatment is performed, the embryologists and list continues.
The treatment outcome is influencing with the above factors, therefore carefully all the aspects must be considered that plays a deciding role in In Vitro Fertilization.
3. What is the reason behind the introduction of IVF in medical science?
IVF was originally invented by the British scientist, Bob Edwards after his years of hard work and research in reproductive science. The treatment was initially invented for women with blocked Fallopian Tubes or with no uterus. The technique of artificial fertilization is still improving and now worldwide accepted as a mainstream medical procedure.
4. What is the right age to consider IVF treatment?
Probably that question make you doubt on fertility treatment as the beginning for any fertility treatment is a medical examination of both the partners. But as fertility declines with the growing age and this also affects the success rate of IVF treatment, most doctors considered 42 as the maximum age for IVF. In addition the 42 age is considered as the maximum age for specifically when woman's own eggs are used. After this the treatment can be successful when using donor's egg and sperm as well.
5. Are there any side effects to IVF medications and treatment?
Being a medical treatment, IVF may consists of some risks and just like any other medications, there can be few side effects associated with fertility drugs. Read carefully the instruction before taking any drugs or speak to your fertility consultant for more information. Fatigue, mood swings and nausea are some common complaints of patients taking IVF medications. However multiple pregnancies and ectopic pregnancy are the risks involved in the IVF treatment.