IVF is a combination of several medical procedures. IVF specialists state that when these procedures are performed in the right chronology and in the most precise manner at a competent IVF treatment hospital or infertility clinic, the corresponding IVF treatment is bound to succeed. The procedures that an IVF treatment entails are as follows-
- Sperm Gathering – The procedure of collection of the male partner's sperms is a vital procedure and is therefore done in the very beginning of the treatment. They are either collected through masturbation, intercourse or surgically from the testes.
- Stimulation of the Ovaries – The female partner of the couple is subjected to hormonal supplements. These supplements are given in strict doses in order to stimulate the ovaries which then produce mature eggs in surplus that are later extracted and used for the IVF treatment.
- Ova or oocyte collection – This procedure entails the extraction of the female's eggs or oocyte. The stimulation of the ovaries results in the production of multiple mature eggs in all the follicles. The eggs are extracted through needles that are inserted into every follicle.
- Fertilization of eggs with sperms – Once the eggs are obtained, they are placed in a culture medium consisting of the hormones and nutrients that facilitate fertilization. An embryologist oversees this process and the eggs and sperms are allowed to sit together. As soon as the sperms come in contact with the medium of the eggs, they move towards the eggs to fertilize them.
- Transfer of embryos – Once the embryos are formed, they are allowed to develop further for a day or two and are usually transferred in the second or third day. This transfer is performed using a catheter that is inserted into the uterus through the female patient's cervical opening.
- Implantation – After transferring the embryos into the uterus, implantation takes place within the first week from transfer. In this process, the embryo implants or attaches itself to the uterine wall or endometrium to grow further. This is the initiation of pregnancy. The patient might experience slight bleeding or spotting during this time which is completely normal and there is nothing to be apprehensive about the same.
Keeping an eye on these processes and working while corresponding to them helps to achieve a successful pregnancy tremendously.