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At least three to ten per cent of women in the reproductive age bracket are likely to suffer from endometriosis. Before we understand who can be affected by the condition we need to know what endometriosis is all about.

Understanding endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition wherein the endometrial tissue which lines the inside of the uterus is found outside. It could in the ovaries, fallopian tubes or the abdomen. The growths could also be found in the cervix, bladder or the bowels. In some cases, it could even be found in your lungs!

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The endometrial lining or tissue behaves like it would if it were in the uterus, during a woman's menstrual period. However, when the tissue in the uterus is shed, it is removed as your period. In the case of endometrial lining, it has no place outside and builds up as adhesions. Typically, symptoms are extreme pain during your periods or even irregular and heavy periods. It causes extreme pain during sex. The symptoms vary from woman to woman.

Who are the candidates for endometriosis?

  • The condition could affect any woman who is in the childbearing category, and tends to come down post menopause.
  • You are at greater risk of suffering from endometriosis if one of your close female relatives have suffered from the problem, be it your sister or mother. The risk of you suffering from endometriosis increases six times if one of them suffers from the same condition.
  • Another factor that increases your risk of suffering from this condition is if you started your periods very early, i.e, when you were less than 11 years old.
  • If you have a short menstrual cycle, you are likely to suffer from endometriosis.
  • If you have an unusually heavy cycle that lasts over a week, then too, your risk of developing the condition is greater.
  • If you have never been pregnant, your risk of endometriosis is greater. This does not necessarily mean women who have had kids can't suffer from endometriosis. It only means that your risk increases if you have not had a pregnancy.
  • If there any uterus-related problems that are blocking blood flow out of your uterus during your periods, your risk of suffering from endometriosis is greater. The blockage could cause blood during menstruation to reach your abdomen via fallopian ducts, causing endometriosis.
  • Any infections in the uterus occurring because of tuberculosis or Chlamydia could also lead to endometriosis.
  • You could develop endometriosis if you have undergone a procedure such as a hysteroscopy, dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure, or have been inserted with an IUD (intrauterine device).

Women who have none of the above causes could also suffer from endometriosis, but the risk increases if they suffer from any of the above problems. You could seek advice from one of centres offering endometriosis treatment in Bangalore. An endometriosis specialist in Bangalore will be able to counsel you on the steps you may have to take for treatment, which usually involves medication or surgery.

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