If you are here reading this article, it means you are having difficulty in conceiving. IVF, also known as In Vitro Fertilization, refers to a process in which an egg is fertilized with a sperm in a laboratory dish and then doctors implant it in the uterus. IVF is a part of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) which couples opt for when they fail to conceive because of the infertility problem. Choosing best IVF doctor in Delhi is important if you are considering having a baby through this method.
In Vitro in Latin terminology means “within the glass” because previously laboratory apparatus were made only of glass. In this method, ovulation is controlled through administering hormones. Thereafter, ova are then removed from the ovaries of woman so that they can be fertilized outside the body along with a sperm which a male donates.
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Procedure of IVF technology
Decision to opt for IVF should be taken with great thought and care. Initially, couples have to undergo several tests. Before best IVF doctor in Delhi starts the treatment, woman is tested for ovarian reserve. On the basis of the results, further treatment is given. On third day is performed FSH testing. In this, doctors check the baseline of follicle stimulating hormone on the third day of menstrual cycle. An elevated baseline which is deviation from normal level of FSH shows a drop in ovarian reserve, which is number of eggs. The success of IVF treatment depends entirely on the total number of eggs that are retrieved at the time of stimulation.
Following steps are involved in IVF treatment
Stimulation – A woman is given fertility drugs for stimulating ovaries so that eggs can be produced.
Egg retrieval – This step involves a small surgical method which is known as “follicular aspiration”. In this procedure, an ultrasound is done and IVF expert inserts a needle through the vagina of a woman for reaching the follicles in the ovaries that comprise of eggs. This needle is connected with a suction apparatus; that assists in aspiring the eggs with some fluid. This method is done for both ovaries. It is painless process. However, there is very possibility that some women might experience cramps post-surgery.
Insemination and fertilization – These eggs are stored at relatively controlled temperatures prior fertilization. Next, best of the eggs are mixed with the sperm which is taken from the male partner. This process is known as artificial insemination. After few hours of the insemination, sperm enters the egg, and this process is known as fertilization.
Embryo culturing-The egg which is fertilized undergoes different stages of division for forming an embryo. Lab technicians or doctors monitor these stages for assuring successful development. The embryo is maintained under controlled temperature as well as sterility for avoiding the chances of any kind of contamination. It is also checked for genetic disorders at this stage.
Embryo transfer or Implantation – The embryo is implanted by doctors in the womb of a women after four to five days of fertilization. In this procedure, IVF specialists insert a thin tube known as catheter via the cervix into the womb. The catheter comprises of embryos. As far as the success rate of the procedure goes, it depends on the embryo sticking the woman's womb.
Above slated are a few stages of IVF process. Fix an appointment with Best IVF Doctor in Delhi