Heavy menstrual bleeding is defined as soaking a pad and/or tampon every hour or less than one hour during each menstrual cycle. For many women, heavy menstrual bleeding is a huge obstacle in their lifestyles. Have you ever had to reschedule an activity around your menstrual period?
Heavy blood flow is not always a sign that something indicates a medical condition. However, excessive loss of blood can deplete the body's supply of iron and cause anemia. A mild case of anemia can cause fatigue and weakness. A severer case can result in headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, and rapid heart rate.
A very heavy flow in some cases can be accompanied by painful cramping (dysmenorrhea), which sometimes requires medication.
If the period is heavy enough to require changing tampons more often than every one or two hours, or if females have a period that lasts more than a full week, they may be experiencing menorrhagia.
Let's take look at the most common causes of menorrhagia or heavy menstrual bleeding:
- A hormonal imbalance during adolescence or menopause is the most common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding. During adolescence, after girls have their first periods, and for several years before the onset of menopause when menstruation ceases, our hormones levels are fluctuating which often leads to excessive uterine bleeding during our periods.
- Uterine fibroid tumor is another very common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding. It's important to understand that fibroid tumor is usually benign (non-cancerous) tumor that often occurs in the uterus of women during their thirties or forties.
- Ovary dysfunction: Lack of ovulation (anovulation) results in a lack of progesterone, causing heavy periods.
- Adenomyosis: When glands from the uterine lining embed in uterine muscle, heavy bleeding can occur.
- Bleeding disorders: Heavy menstrual bleeding can be caused by some inherited blood disorders that affect clotting.
- Polyps: Benign growths in the uterine lining (endometrium) can cause a heavy or prolonged period.
- Cancer: Cervical, ovarian, or uterine cancers can all cause heavy bleeding, but this is rare.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of one or more organs that affects the uterus, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Pelvic inflammatory disease or other infections can also cause heavy menstrual bleeding.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis is often a painful disorder which refers to a situation that the endometrium should normally lines the inside of uterus but grows outside uterus. Endometriosis can cause heavy bleeding as well as pain. 15%-30% of endometriosis patients have heavy menstrual flow, prolonged menstrual periods, and spotting.
- Fibroids: Noncancerous tumors in the uterus can cause heavy bleeding or long periods.
If the menstrual bleeding is too heavy, women should go to see the doctor and do some relative test to find out the exact cause immediately. Once women are confirmed that their situations are caused by PID, adenomyosis, endometriosis, don't worry, heavy menstrual bleeding caused by these diseases are curable. The herbal medicine “fuyan pill” is made from natural herbs. It can effectively clear up all symptoms caused by these diseases in women by eliminating inflammation, killing bacteria, clearing heat and promoting blood circulation.