Cystitis is a common bacterial urine infection in the bladder. While this is a condition that clears without complications in most cases, untreated Cystitis could be a serious infection in women. This is an inflammation of the bladder mainly due to an infection of the urine.
The typical symptoms of this infection include pain while passing out urine as well as increased frequency of urinating. Mostly, urine infections are caused by infectious bacteria that often come from your own bowel. For women, the bacteria around the anus could easily find way into the urethra if caution is not observed.
Common signs and symptoms
In addition to pain while passing out urine, one may experience the following symptoms if she is infected:
- Having pain in the lower abdomen (the tummy)
- Having blood traces I the urine
- High temperatures (fever)
- Cloudy and smelly urine
- Experiencing unexplained pain during sex
- Unexplained fatigue
Note: some people could have loss of appetite with vomiting among other symptoms.
Complications that could come with untreated Cystitis
It is important to visit a doctor for medical advice if you have of the above symptoms. If untreated, Cystitis could cause pyelonephritis (an infection of the kidneys). This happens when the infection moves into the kidneys. One may experience fever, lower back pains and vomiting among other signs.
Risk factors and possible causes
Bacteria cause this infection. E.coli bacterium could cause the infections in various ways such as:
- During sex
- If you have a poor hygiene thus possible bacteria traveling into the bladder
- In menopause, the hormonal imbalance could result into this infection
- Some contraception measures as well could cause cystitis in women
- During pregnancy, the womb could be pressuring the bladder thus not allowing for complete emptying of the bladder which could result into an infection
- If you have any abnormality in the bladder or the urinary tract
- In case of bladder or kidney stones
Some people are at higher risk of developing cystitis than others. Women are more likely to develop the infection as compared to men. Since the bacteria in the back passage (anus) cause the infections, the woman urethra opens just next to the anus. Additionally, they have a shorter urethra thus exposing them to the infections.
Other risks include those with diabetes mellitus and those with many sexual partners or women who are pregnant.
Diagnosis and treatment
To avoid mistaken medication, it is important that you seek immediate medical attention for diagnosis. Other conditions could exhibit similar symptoms and thus cause confusion- an example is vaginal thrush.
Your doctor will examine your urine through a simple dipstick test to ensure that the infection is Cystitis.
Treatment requires quality antibiotics with directions from your healthcare provider. Buy various pain relievers like the ibuprofen and paracetamol to handle the excess pains. You need to take enough fluids to help in flushing out the infection.